During the Soekarno's era, a number of official bonded students (Mahasiswa Ikatan Dinas/MAHID) were elected to several countries in the world. These included Awal Uzhara, Sjumandjaja, Ami Priono and Zubair Lelo who were sent to the country of red bears (Russia) to study cinematography at VGIK (The Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography).
Later Sjumandjaja and Ami Priono became famous filmmakers in Indonesia. Unfortunately for Awal Uzhara, after completing his magister studies in Moscow, the political conditions in Indonesia after 1965 experienced tempest. The background of the country in which he sought knowledge brought a stigma and a communist label was placed on him.
#eksil #excile # G30SPKI #lekra #1965