From 'Black Power' to #Blacklivesmatter: 50 Years of Resistance, In Pictures
For half a century, Stokely Carmichael's slogan "Black Power" has resonated in the fight against anti-Black racism and oppression in the U.S.
From 'Black Power' to #Blacklivesmatter: 50 Years of Resistance, In Pictures
By teleSUR / telesurtv.net
Jul 19, 2016

Stokely Carmichael is most often remembered as an outspoken revolutionary whose Black Power call, issued on June 16, 1966, supposedly “wrecked” the peaceful civil rights movement by calling for militant Black self-defense and a denunciation of U.S. imperialism overseas.

However, he remains one of the most important grassroots organizers of 1960s era social movements, and his example and militant message demanding a living wage, an end to mass incarceration, self-determination for Black communities, and jobs for all continues to thrive in the context of unabating racist oppression within the United States.

The new civil rights movement that has been unleashed in the wake of extra-judicial killings by police have added another chapter to the unfinished history of Black struggle as thousands have taken to the streets raising their fists while holding #BlackLivesMatter signs.

teleSUR takes a look at some of those who fought under the slogan of Black Power against the inherently anti-Black, racist nature of U.S. capitalism.

"The job of the enemy is to make yourself totally identify with the enemy." Stokely Carmichael, aka Kwame Ture, was an outspoken organizer and the chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) who challenged the wisdom of Martin Luther King Jr.

"The job of the enemy is to make yourself totally identify with the enemy." Stokely Carmichael, aka Kwame Ture, was an outspoken organizer and the chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) who challenged the wisdom of Martin Luther King Jr.'s stated commitment to nonviolence principles. Photo: Bob Fitch

"About two weeks before I joined SNCC,

"About two weeks before I joined SNCC, 'Black Power' replaced 'Freedom Now' as the battle cry. We, young women and young men who flocked to the front lines of the war against segregation, were contesting the remaining legacy of racial slavery. What we sought to eliminate were the legal, social, psychological, economic, and political limitations still being imposed on our human rights, and on our rights as citizens. That was the context in which we fought to remove limitations imposed by gender, clearly aware that it could not be fought as a stand-alone issue." - Black Panther Communications Secretary Kathleen Cleaver, Oakland, 1968. Photo: Black Panther Party

Stokely Carmichael: "Luckily for us, the night in Greenwood, King had to go to do a taped television thing, I think for

Stokely Carmichael: "Luckily for us, the night in Greenwood, King had to go to do a taped television thing, I think for 'Meet the Press,' so he had to go to Memphis. So he was not there the night in Greenwood. Ricks had everybody primed. He said, 'Just get to your speech. We're going against Freedom Now; we’re going for Black Power. Don’t hit too much on Freedom Now, but hit the need for power.’ So we built up on the need for power. And just when I got there—before I got there, Ricks was there saying, 'Hit them now. Hit them now.' I kept saying, 'Give me time. Give me time.' When we finally got in, we dropped it: 'Black Power.' Well, of course, they had been primed, and they responded immediately. But I, myself, to be honest, I didn’t expect that enthusiastic response." Photo: AFP

The attitude and phrase "Black power" signaled a massive radicalization of Black people within the United States, whose patience was stretched to the breaking point by racist repression, systemic neglect and abuse. Black demonstrators face armed federal soldiers in Newark, N.J., on July 17, 1967, during riots that erupted following a police operation. Unrest in cities across the U.S. in 1967 led President Johnson to strike the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, also known as the Kerner Commission.

The attitude and phrase "Black power" signaled a massive radicalization of Black people within the United States, whose patience was stretched to the breaking point by racist repression, systemic neglect and abuse. Black demonstrators face armed federal soldiers in Newark, N.J., on July 17, 1967, during riots that erupted following a police operation. Unrest in cities across the U.S. in 1967 led President Johnson to strike the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, also known as the Kerner Commission. Photo: AFP

Gold medallist Tommie Smith (center) and bronze medalist John Carlos (right) showing the raised fist on the podium after the 200 m race at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico; both wear Olympic Project for Human Rights badges. Peter Norman (silver medalist, left) from Australia also wears an OPHR badge in solidarity to Smith and Carlos.

Gold medallist Tommie Smith (center) and bronze medalist John Carlos (right) showing the raised fist on the podium after the 200 m race at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico; both wear Olympic Project for Human Rights badges. Peter Norman (silver medalist, left) from Australia also wears an OPHR badge in solidarity to Smith and Carlos. Photo: Public Domain

Gloria Richardson, seen here defiantly pushing aside a National Guard rifle, was a fearless organizer and leader of the Cambridge Movement in Cambridge, Maryland, in the 1960s. The movement evolved into a battle for the economic rights of Cambridge citizens, many of whom were faced with low wages and unemployment. Known as "Glorious Gloria," many considered her to be a tough leader akin to a second Harriet Tubman.

Gloria Richardson, seen here defiantly pushing aside a National Guard rifle, was a fearless organizer and leader of the Cambridge Movement in Cambridge, Maryland, in the 1960s. The movement evolved into a battle for the economic rights of Cambridge citizens, many of whom were faced with low wages and unemployment. Known as "Glorious Gloria," many considered her to be a tough leader akin to a second Harriet Tubman. Photo: Public Doman

Black Panther Party co-founder and Minister of Defense Huey P. Newton. The Black Panthers were a revolutionary nationalist and Marxist-Leninist organization that quickly expanded throughout Black neighborhoods in the late 60s.  “Black Power to Black people, Brown Power to brown people, Yellow Power to yellow people, all Power to all People”- Huey P. Newton

Black Panther Party co-founder and Minister of Defense Huey P. Newton. The Black Panthers were a revolutionary nationalist and Marxist-Leninist organization that quickly expanded throughout Black neighborhoods in the late 60s. “Black Power to Black people, Brown Power to brown people, Yellow Power to yellow people, all Power to all People”- Huey P. Newton

The Black Panthers faced a massive campaign of repression by the federal government and local police forces. Fred Hampton, a charismatic young chairman of the Illinois Black Panther party, was  murdered while sleeping at his apartment during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State

The Black Panthers faced a massive campaign of repression by the federal government and local police forces. Fred Hampton, a charismatic young chairman of the Illinois Black Panther party, was murdered while sleeping at his apartment during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office, in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the FBI in December 1969 Photo: Public Domain

On May 2, 1967, Black Panthers amassed at the Capitol in Sacramento brandishing guns to protest a bill before an Assembly committee restricting the carrying of arms in public. Self-defense was a key part of the Panthers

On May 2, 1967, Black Panthers amassed at the Capitol in Sacramento brandishing guns to protest a bill before an Assembly committee restricting the carrying of arms in public. Self-defense was a key part of the Panthers' agenda. This was an early action, a year after their founding. Photo: AFP

The Panthers had extensive social service programs carried out under the slogan, "Survival Pending Revolution." These programs included free breakfasts for school children, food distribution, community clinics, senior citizen alliances, and college counseling workshops.

The Panthers had extensive social service programs carried out under the slogan, "Survival Pending Revolution." These programs included free breakfasts for school children, food distribution, community clinics, senior citizen alliances, and college counseling workshops. Photo: Black Panther Party

"Racism, in the first place, is a weapon used by the wealthy to increase the profits they bring in by paying Black workers less for their work." – Communist Party member, scholar, and Black Panther ally Angela Davis.

"Racism, in the first place, is a weapon used by the wealthy to increase the profits they bring in by paying Black workers less for their work." – Communist Party member, scholar, and Black Panther ally Angela Davis.

The Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement (DRUM) was a radical organization of Black autoworkers in Detroit, Michigan who were dissatisfied with working conditions at Chrysler and with the response of their union, the United Autoworkers (UAW), which they accused of blatant racism. DRUM members later formed the League of Revolutionary Black Workers.

The Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement (DRUM) was a radical organization of Black autoworkers in Detroit, Michigan who were dissatisfied with working conditions at Chrysler and with the response of their union, the United Autoworkers (UAW), which they accused of blatant racism. DRUM members later formed the League of Revolutionary Black Workers. Photo: DRUM

"Patience has its limits. Take it too far, and it

"Patience has its limits. Take it too far, and it's cowardice." - George Jackson. A Black revolutionary and member of the Black Panther Party, and co-founder of the Black Guerrilla Family while incarcerated. Jackson achieved fame as one of the Soledad Brothers and was later shot to death by guards in San Quentin Prison following an unsuccessful escape attempt. Photo: Reuters

“No one is going to give you the education you need to overthrow them. Nobody is going to teach you your true history, teach you your true heroes, if they know that that knowledge will help set you free.”  - Black Panther Party member and political prisoner Assata Shakur

“No one is going to give you the education you need to overthrow them. Nobody is going to teach you your true history, teach you your true heroes, if they know that that knowledge will help set you free.” - Black Panther Party member and political prisoner Assata Shakur

“Conventional wisdom would have one believe that it is insane to resist this, the mightiest of empires, but what history really shows is that today

“Conventional wisdom would have one believe that it is insane to resist this, the mightiest of empires, but what history really shows is that today's empire is tomorrow's ashes; that nothing lasts forever, and that to not resist is to acquiesce in your own oppression. The greatest form of sanity that anyone can exercise is to resist that force that is trying to repress, oppress, and fight down the human spirit.” – Former Black Panther Party member and political prisoner, Mumia Abu-Jamal. Photo: Public Domain

During the 1992 Los Angeles Uprising resulting from the filmed beating of Rodney King, ideas of Black power and Black unity led to gang truces and a newfound sense of solidarity.

During the 1992 Los Angeles Uprising resulting from the filmed beating of Rodney King, ideas of Black power and Black unity led to gang truces and a newfound sense of solidarity. Photo: Wikipedia

"Our struggle is not one against the privilege of whites. Rather it is a struggle for Black power over our own Black lives that in and of itself undermines the concept and reality of white privelege." – Chairman of the African People

"Our struggle is not one against the privilege of whites. Rather it is a struggle for Black power over our own Black lives that in and of itself undermines the concept and reality of white privelege." – Chairman of the African People's Socialist Party and Uhuru Movement, Omali Yeshitela. Photo: APSP

Chokwe Lumumba, civil rights lawyer and elected mayor of Jackson, Mississipi, who was a leader of the Malcolm X Grassroots Movement

Chokwe Lumumba, civil rights lawyer and elected mayor of Jackson, Mississipi, who was a leader of the Malcolm X Grassroots Movement. Photo: MXGM

Demonstrators carry mock casket for Oscar Grant, shot by BART police New Year

Demonstrators carry mock casket for Oscar Grant, shot by BART police New Year's Day. Grant's death at the hands of BART officer Johannes Mehserle led to a sharp upswing in anti-brutality organizing across all communities of color. Photo: Wikipedia

Demonstrators gather along West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of Michael Brown on August 14, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Violent protests have erupted along West Florissant in Ferguson each of the last four nights as demonstrators express outrage over the shooting death of Michael Brown by a Ferguson police officer on August 9.

Demonstrators gather along West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of Michael Brown on August 14, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Violent protests have erupted along West Florissant in Ferguson each of the last four nights as demonstrators express outrage over the shooting death of Michael Brown by a Ferguson police officer on August 9. Photo: AFP

The #BlackLivesMatter movement has become a major player in U.S. politics and is seen as a continuation of the Black Power legacy

The #BlackLivesMatter movement has become a major player in U.S. politics and is seen as a continuation of the Black Power legacy's demands for dignified treatment, living conditions, and an end to police abuse and impunity. A protester picks up a tear gas canister to throw back towards police as demonstrations continue over the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri on August 17, 2014. Photo: Reuters

4.3 ·
3
Trending Today
How Norway Avoided Becoming a Fascist State
George Lakey · 24,366 views today · Instead of falling to the Nazi party, Norway broke through to a social democracy. Their history shows us polarization is nothing to despair over.
Where the Term "Redneck" Came From
15 min · 15,839 views today · If you don't know this story, you'll never look at the word the same again.  This is just a window into the sometimes shocking, subversive and untold history of the United...
Without Saying a Word This 6 Minute Clip From Samsara Will Make You Speechless
6 min · 11,571 views today · Can you put this video into words? It's a clip from the phenomenal documentary Samsara, directed by Ron Fricke, who also made Baraka.  If you're interested in watching...
10 Words Every Girl Should Learn
Soraya Chemaly · 9,087 views today · "Stop interrupting me."  "I just said that." "No explanation needed." In fifth grade, I won the school courtesy prize. In other words, I won an award for being polite. My...
Stunning Small Homes Form Part of a Communal Compound for Best Friends
Lighter Side · 6,392 views today · If you’re lucky enough to have longtime friends even as an adult, then you know probably already know how much it means to be able to spend time together. Maybe you even have a...
Voices of Standing Rock
49 min · 3,874 views today · Short stories told by water protectors at Standing Rock, North Dakota. Part 1 - Introduction: Since mid-August 2016, thousands have set up camp near the Standing Rock Sioux...
What Happens When You Rebel Against the Herd
Sofo Archon · 3,475 views today · Are You Truly Living Your Life? You live, but are you living the way you want to live, or the way others want you to live? You choose, but are your choices based on...
Everything We Think We Know About Addiction Is Wrong
6 min · 3,223 views today · What causes addiction? Easy, right? Drugs cause addiction. But maybe it is not that simple. This video is adapted from Johann Hari's New York Times best-selling book 'Chasing...
Charles Eisenstein: The Two Great Stories That Give Meaning to Our Lives
6 min · 2,841 views today · What matters in life? Who are we? Every culture has answers to these questions. And the way we answer them has profound effects on the health of people and planet. This is a...
Redneck Revolt Presents: A Message to the Patriot Movement
6 min · 2,786 views today · Over the past few weeks, Redneck Revolt has been communicating with a former member of a III% Patriot Militia based out of Ohio. Peter made contact with our organization after...
How a Lack of Touch Is Destroying Men
Mark Green · 2,626 views today · Why Men Need More Platonic Touch in their Lives
Films for Action's Public Film Screening Guide
Tim Hjersted and Matt Toplikar · 1,801 views today · This guide will give you step by step instructions on how to host Films For Action sponsored film screening events in your city. It is intended primarily for people who have...
Artificial Ethics and the Search for Intelligence
5 min · 1,644 views today · How to stop a robot turning evil.  It's 2027 and Mental Endeavours Ltd has a problem with their flagship robot Günther. How do you program an intelligent machine not to...
Philippine Vigils Against Vigilantes - The Reign of Terror in the President's War on Drugs
7 min · 1,366 views today · The war on drugs waged by Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has taken more than 7,000 lives since its inception. It took the killing of a South Korean businessman by police...
A Hauntingly Beautiful Short Film About Life and Death
5 min · 873 views today · The Life of Death is a touching handdrawn animation about the day Death fell in love with Life.
John Lennon's "Imagine," Made Into a Comic Strip
John Lennon. Art by Pablo Stanley · 855 views today · This is easily the best comic strip ever made.  Pabl
Your Lifestyle Has Already Been Designed (The Real Reason For The Forty-Hour Workweek)
David Cain · 841 views today · Well I’m in the working world again. I’ve found myself a well-paying gig in the engineering industry, and life finally feels like it’s returning to normal after my nine months...
The Lessons of Standing Rock
Michael Emero · 797 views today · In mid-November of 2016, I was a Water Protector at Standing Rock. At first my goal was to play investigative journalist; documenting then writing about every detail for my...
Two Ways to Build Global Community
Dan Hind · 752 views today · A platform co-operative approach to information, rather than the models of Facebook and legacy media, provide reason for optimism, writes Dan Hind.
System Change Will Not Be Negotiated
Nnimmo Bassey · 698 views today · We frequently hear calls for system change, at public mobilisations, in conference halls and even in negotiation halls. The calls come as slogans, they come in anger and they...
Load More
What's Next
Like us on Facebook?
From 'Black Power' to #Blacklivesmatter: 50 Years of Resistance, In Pictures